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Ахлибейт - это не жены пророка
03.08.2007, 15:19
 
 
Sahih Muslim
http://hadith.worldofislam.info/index.php?..._muslim/book_31
Book 31, Number 5920:

O people, I am a human being. I am about to receive a messenger (the angel of death) from my Lord and I, in response to Allah's call, (would bid good-bye to you), but I am leaving among you two weighty things: the one being the Book of Allah in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it. He exhorted (us) (to hold fast) to the Book of Allah and then said: The second are the members of my household I remind you (of your duties) to the members of my family. He (Husain) said to Zaid: Who are the members of his household? Aren't his wives the members of his family? Thereupon he said: His wives are the members of his family (but here) the members of his family are those for whom acceptance of Zakat is forbidden. And he said: Who are they? Thereupon he said: 'Ali and the offspring of 'Ali, 'Aqil and the offspring of 'Aqil and the offspring of Ja'far and the offspring of 'Abbas. Husain said: These are those for whom the acceptance of Zakat is forbidden. Zaid said: Yes.


Хусайн спросил передатчика хадиса Зейда ибн Аркама: «Разве жены Посланника Аллаха не из его семейства?» - и он ответил: Его жены является членама его семьи, но здесь члены его семь и это те кому запрещено двать закят. И Хусайн спросил: «Так кто же они?» - и Зейд ответил: «Это потомки Али, Джафара, Акыля и Аббаса – и каждому из них запрещено брать закят»

Далее мы видим еще более точное обозначение членов семьи Пророка(с). А именно тех кто относится к Ахль уль Бейт.
Book 31, Number 5923:

Yazid b. Hayyan reported: We went to him (Zaid b. Arqam) and said to him. You have found goodness (for you had the honour) to live in the company of Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) and offered prayer behind him, and the rest of the hadith is the same but with this variation of wording that lie said: Behold, for I am leaving amongst you two weighty things, one of which is the Book of Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, and that is the rope of Allah. He who holds it fast would be on right guidance and he who abandons it would be in error, and in this (hadith) these words are also found: We said: Who are amongst the members of the household ? Aren't the wives (of the Holy Prophet) included amongst the members of his house hold? Thereupon he said: No, by Allah, a woman lives with a man (as his wife) for a certain period; he then divorces her and she goes back to her parents and to her people; the members of his household include his ownself and his kith and kin (who are related to him by blood) and for him the acceptance of Zakat is prohibited.


«О, люди! Поистине я только человек подобный вам, скоро придёт посланец Аллаха, и я отвечу на его призыв (ангел смерти). Я оставляю среди вас две ценные вещи. Первая - книга Аллаха, вервь Господа, всякий, кто последует Корану, будет наставлен. Всякий, кто оставит его, будет заблудшим. И моё семейство (Ахл аль Байт). Вспомните Аллаха в моём семействе, вспомните Аллаха в моём семействе, вспомните Аллаха в моём семействе». Мы спросили: «Кто является семейством посланника Аллаха? Являются ли жены пророка его Ахл аль Байтом?» Сказал: «Клянусь Аллахом! Женщина, пробыв какое-то время, может получить талак (развод) и вернуться к своим родителям. Нет, семейством являются только близкие, те, милостыня которым запрещена».

Здесь точно уточняется, что жены Пророка никакого отношения к Ахль уль Бейт не имеют. Это тоже Сахих Муслим.

Дальше мы находим еще более четкое и поименное перечисление Ахль уль Бейта.

Book 31, Number 5915:

This hadith has been narrated.on the authority of Shu'ba with the same chain of transmitters. Amir b. Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas reported on the authority of his father that Muawiya b. Abi Sufyin appointed Sa'd as the Governor and said: What prevents you from abusing Abu Turab (Hadrat 'Ali), whereupon be said : It is because of three things which I remember Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) having said about him that I would not abuse him and even if I find one of those three things for me, it would be more dear to me than the red camelg. I heard Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) say about 'Ali as he left behind hrin in one of his campaigns (that was Tabuk). 'All said to him: Allah's Messenger, you leave me behind along with women and children. Thereupon Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to him: Aren't you satisfied with being unto me what Aaron was unto Moses but with this exception that there is no prophethood after me. And I (also) heard him say on the Day of Khaibar: I would certainly give this standard to a person who loves Allah and his Messenger and Allah and his Messenger love him too. He (the narrator) said: We have been anxiously waiting for it, when he (the Holy Prophet) said: Call 'Ali. He was called and his eyes were inflamed. He applied saliva to his eyes and handed over the standard to him, and Allah gave him victory. (The third occasion is this) when the (following) verse was revealed: "Let us summon our children and your children." Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) called 'Ali, Fitima, Hasan and Husain and said: O Allah, they are my family.


В этом хадисе мы конкрентно видим имена Али(а), Фатимы(с.а) Хасана(а) и Хусейна(а). Пророк(с) говорит: О Аллах они моя семья. Он не говорит о жёнах, он не звоет к себе ни одну жену и он цитирует аят Корана.

Передает Аиша

Book 31, Number 5955:

'A'isha reported that Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) went out one norning wearing a striped cloak of the black camel's hair that there came Hasan b. 'Ali. He wrapped hitn under it, then came Husain and he wrapped him under it along with the other one (Hasan). Then came Fatima and he took her under it, then came 'Ali and he also took him under it and then said: Allah only desires to take away any uncleanliness from you, O people of the household, and purify you (thorough purifying)


Али, Фатима, Хасан, Хусейн. Пророк(с) четко и ясно говорит, что именно они и есть Люди Дома. Никто другой. Никто из рода Джафара, Акыля и Аббаса. Пророк(с) просит Аллаха очистить полным очищением его Ахль уль Бейт. Никого другого. Пророк(с) ясно показывает к кому относятся слова о полном очищении в аяте 33:33.
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